The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay had organized an Institute Distinguished Lecture in Chemical Engineering (in memory of Professor C.V. Seshadri) on Monday, November 26, 2018. The details of the lecture were:
Title: “Adhesion and Fracture of Soft Materials”
Speaker: Prof. Animangsu Ghatak, Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Kanpur
Day & Date: Monday, November 26, 2018
Time: 5.15 pm
Venue: P.C. Saxena Auditorium
Fracture of soft solids like an elastomer, a gel or a biological tissue is encountered in many different applications, e.g. cutting vegetables with the sharp edge of a knife at the mundane setting of a kitchen, puncturing with a sharp object like a hypodermic syringe needle in numerous medical processes and even in nature as the sucking tool of many insects, e.g. the “proboscis” of mosquitoes. In these different situations, the ease at which the cutting or the puncturing tool incises the solid depends upon the geometry of the tool, its motion during cutting, incision or puncture and the coupled effect of these factors. These effects have been examined in the context of puncturing a soft hydrogel by a hypodermic syringe needle. Experiments conducted shows that the needle does not puncture the gel continuously but intermittently with fracture progressing via the alternate appearance of two different cracks: one ahead of the tool and the other radially away from it. In this talk, the speaker has talked about how asymmetry in the geometry of the puncturing tool and its vibration can be employed for tuning the appearance of these cracks thereby minimizing the resistance to fracture.
Ideas were further extended in understanding the effect of geometry on adhesion and debonding of two different materials. Particularly, there was a discussion about making soft surfaces decorated with hierarchical roughness patterns suitable for using as reusable adhesives and rewritable pads.
About the speaker:
Pof. Animangsu Ghatak is the Professor and Head of the Department of Chemical Engineering at IIT Kanpur. His research interest includes Adhesion, friction, fracture at soft interfaces; and Bio-inspired engineering. Prof. Ghatak received his BTech degree from IIT Kharagpur and MTech from IIT Kanpur. He did his PhD from the Lehigh University and Postdoc. from Cambridge University, UK & Harvard University, USA.